Saturday, October 3, 2015

Zoe's S/R outline:act 5

Summary Response Outline

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
    • Act 5 of Shakespeare’s Othello explores the idea of revenge, and the effects it can have on one’s actions.
  • Supporting ideas and explanations to prove main ideas
    • Iago’s scheme finally works itself out, and everyone is right where he wants them to be; Desdemona is dead as well as her murderous husband, while cassio and Roderigo are fighting to the death.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
    • As Iago plans revenge on his companions, he seems to be siding with them, but really he is completely against them.

Response:
  • Topic sentence: title, author,,correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays___(Main Idea)________ because ___________ .
    • Othello, by Shakespeare, correctly portrays the outcome revenge can have on one’s decisions through the character Iago and his revengeful attitude.
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up
      • Iago’s plan throughout the entire play is to get revenge on Cassio, but in the process he shakes up other relationships and ruins them for his own benefit.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (Shakespeare 1.2.13-17).
      • During the falling action of the play, Iago arranges for Cassio and Roderigo to fight, as he thinks over his plan he indicates that, “ whether he kill Cassio, or Cassio kill him, or each do kill the other, Every way makes my gain.” (shakespeare 5.1.12-15)
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim: explain quote, connect to claim
      • Iago obviously did not seem to be concerned with who was killed in the fight between Cassio and Roderigo, but only that one of them needed to die. As long as everything worked out for himself then he was satisfied.
  • Counterclaim 1: However, ....
    • However it can be argued that in the midst of the scheme and revenge Iago really did care about Othello and was only cheating him to get rid of Cassio
    • Set-up
      • With guilt  and shame the truth is finally being shared, but Iago manages to take a lie and make it mostly true and believable.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
      • the presence of Othello and his wife he explains to them that, “ I told him what I thought, and told no more than what he found himself was   apt and true.” ( shakespeare 5.2.213-214)

    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim: explain quote, connect to claim
      • Iago seems as if he does not want to hurt Othello, so he hides the truth in more lies by telling them that he just told Othello what he thought was true which could be a number of different things.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? (use rebuttal progression language)
    • At first glance one might think that Iago is trying to save Othello grief by covering the truth and beating around the bush. one cannot deny that Othello has been through a lot lately, and it could be the act of sympathy on Iago’s part for not spilling the beans and confessing everything. However it is much more complicated than that, because throughout the whole story Iago has not cared for anyone but himself and why would that stop now when he is under pressure? Iago himself stated at the beginning of the play that, “ I hate the Moor,” ( shakespeare 1.2.429). How could this have changed especially if he was so close to reaching his goal?Anyone could clearly see Iago’s intentions throughout the play were to get revenge at all costs without regarding anyone or anything.
    • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
      • As the story unfolds the outcome of revenge becomes very apparent as well as the result it can have on one’s mind and actions.

Thursday, September 17, 2015

S/R Othello Act 2

Summary Response Outline: Othello act 2

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
Act 2 of Othello by Shakespeare accurately demonstrates how manipulation can be employed.
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
In many instances, the character Iago had appealed to others and guided them in the direction he wanted them to for his own personal gain.
  • Explanation of ideas
He does this in many ways, which include intoxication and carefully placed “suggestions.” He played people without them realizing exactly what was happening. In the events that occurred in Act 2, he was very two-faced and said conflicting ideas to many different people.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Deception to aid one’s own progress is a single idea correctly displayed in Act 2.


Response:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
Othello by William Shakespeare correctly portrays the nature of manipulation, because Iago uses deception for his personal gain and he doesn’t care for the safety of others.
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up
Iago manipulates others by pretending to be on their side, when in reality he plays them for his own plan. While he tricks Cassio into getting drunk and losing his position as lieutenant, he acts as if he is sympathetic about the loss, but in truth he is plotting for revenge.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
    • Iago had said, “ you have lost no reputation at all, unless you repute yourself as a loser.” ( 2.3.289-290)

    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim
    • Iago expresses that Cassio is fine and indicates that nothing major really happened, when in reality he lost his position to his general’s wife.
  • Counterclaim 1: However, Iago seems to offer condolences for Cassio and help him find a way to prove himself to Desdemona.
    • Set-up
    • After Cassio had ruined his reputation, Iago shows compassion saying that there is a way to get his position back. He must simply go to Desdemona and tell her.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
    • Iago states, “Confess yourself freely to her. Importune her help to put you in your place again.” (2.3.337-339)
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
    • Iago persuades Cassio to go to Desdemona freely and confess to her. Iago indicates that he is positive that Cassio will graciously be given his rightful place as lieutenant. Helping Cassio is a thoughtful thing for Iago to do.
  • Claim 2:
    • Set-up
Iago doesn’t care about the well being of others. The nature of manipulation and deception can be harsh when it is used for malicious intent.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
When Iago gets Cassio drunk, it caused him to attack Roderigo. When Montano intervened and had fought with Cassio, Montano had said “I am hurt to th’ death. He dies!” (Shakespeare, Act 2.3 175.)
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim
What Montano says indicates that his violence was peaked and he had suffered physical harm. It can be implied that Iago had thought something like this would happen when he made Cassio drunk, since Iago was jealous of Cassio’s position as lieutenant. Iago was counting on Cassio doing something stupid after he made him drink an extra glass of alcohol. Clearly, the health of others was a factor he disregarded in order for him to reach the ultimate goal of betrayal.   
  • Counterclaim 2: Although, ....
    • Set-up
It could be argued that Iago had no idea that Cassio’s intoxication would have been lead to violent action, and that he cared about Montano’s health after he was stabbed.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
When offering Cassio alcohol, Iago had said “O, but they are our friends! But one cup, I’ll drink for you!” (Shakespeare, 2.3 38-39.)
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
In this context, Iago wanted to have a toast to Othello, which is reasonable since he’s one of their leaders in battle. Iago had believed it was just a harmless toast to their respected leader and friend, and could not have known that Cassio would get in a fight with Roderigo.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument?
At first glance, it appears Iago is merely being helpful and kind to many people. We cannot deny that he had given helpful advice to many people to help them achieve goals or dreams of theirs. But it’s more complicated than that. Iago had told many people one thing and turned around to say another. After giving the wine to Cassio, he says “If I can fasten but one cup upon him with that he hath drunk tonight already, he’ll be as full of quarrel and offense as my young mistress’ dog,” (Shakespeare, 2.3 49-52.) From that point on, the reader knows that Iago is almost completely sure that a fight will be instigated by Cassio. He is merely being selfish to further his agenda. The fight will only benefit him in the end.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Manipulation tactics and effects is accurately portrayed in Othello by William Shakespeare.

Thursday, September 10, 2015

Zoe and Ellie's redo summary response for Bully

Summary Response Outline

Summary:
  • The documentary Bully, by Lee Hirsch, illustrates the effects of one of the most prominent problems today: bullying.
  • Hirsch provides several real-life situations in which students have experienced severe bullying. At the beginning, a dad remembers his son, Tyler, who committed suicide after he spent his middle and high school years being mistreated, while Alex shares his story of the physical and emotional pain he deals with, in his middle school years. Kelby explains the judging she receives through her lesbian title and her determination to stand up for those being bullied around her. The viewers soon discover that Kelby has tried to commit suicide three times as a result of her bullying. Hirsch then portrays the story of a young girl named Ja’meya who gets bullied on the bus every day. She recalls a time when she brought a gun to school and threatened to kill her classmates, after being called names and witnessing recurrent gossip. Hirsch captures the effects of this harmful atmosphere bullying can create by sharing numerous stories of students who have witnessed bullying.  

Response:
  • Topic Sentence: Bully, by Lee Hirsch, accurately demonstrates the control bullying can have over one’s life, because it can affect one’s self worth and lead them to make decisions they regret.
  • Claim 1: Bullying is a threat that causes people to be believe lies about themselves and leads to insecurity.
    • Set-up:  Self doubt is a prominent issue appearing in teens all over the World. Alex hears students around him constantly putting him down, and as a result he feels like he does not belong where he is.
    • Evidence: Alex expresses his diffidence by commenting, ”People think I’m different, not normal.” … “I feel like I belong somewhere else” (Hirsch).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim: Alex witnesses unacceptance and shares with the viewer how he undergoes the relentless rejection. Words can affect one’s mind and heart as shown by Alex, because he not only believes the lies in his head but he feels the impact the threat of bullying has on him emotionally.
  • Counterclaim 1: However, bullying generates unity within schools to fight against it and to stand up for one’s peers.  
    • Set-up: Kelby demonstrates that being bullied can spark will and determination to stand up to bullies. Bullying creates the need to fight for oneself and his or her classmates. Kelby promotes the idea that standing up for others and being confident in oneself can come from bullying.
    • Evidence: Kelby verifies this idea by stating,“If I leave, they win. “... ”And maybe all it takes is for one person to stand up” (Hirsch).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim: Bullies’ threats leads to unity and bravery within schools. Being bold is an important factor that contributes to the stand against bullying. Kelby promotes this understanding when she states her own willpower to fight for change in schools.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument?
    • At first glance, bullying creates not only insecurity, but determination and the will to stand up for the victims. When inspired, people have the ability to stand up for what is right. Kelby illustrates this by affirming that one person can make a change. She encourages the viewer to be that change and illustrates that bullying can spark motivation and determination in people. She challenges the viewer to become a witness and stand up to bullies.
    • However, we cannot deny that bullying overtakes teens’ lives and overwhelmingly produces insecurity. Alex displays the lack of confidence he has felt from being bullied. He exhibits a sense of unbelonging as he reveals his horrific stories about bullying. Bullies cause severe pain physically and emotionally and creates self-denial when they pick on people. The effects of bullying can be brutal and devastating.   
  • Concluding sentence: Lee Hirsch’s Bully expresses through real-life experiences, how bullying can affect one’s choices and decisions in life and create regrets.

Hunter Johnson and Zoe Conley"s summary response for Othello

Summary Response Outline: Hunter Johnson and Zoe Conley

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
    • In Othello,  Shakespeare depicts how jealousy and betrayal affect one’s thoughts and relationships.
  • Supporting ideas and explanations to prove main ideas
    • Iago and Roderigo plot revenge on Othello for he had married Rodrigo's love, Desdemona,  and did not give Iago the promotion he deserved. To stir up commotion, they call upon Desdemona’s father to tell him that the moor has abused his daughter. Desdemona’s father goes to the duke to argue his complaint.
    • Iago is willing to betray a man who he has fought in battle with and formerly would trust him with his life, because of a small mistake.
    • Rodrigo is willing to do anything to a man he just met for a girl who does nothing for him.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
    • Jealousy and betrayal are dangerous qualities that can lead to a damaged  relationship if one is not careful, and in Othello, Shakespeare shows how this can happen.

Response:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb,correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays___________ because ___________ .
  • Othello, by William Shakespeare correctly portrays that jealousy can have an effect on a relationship, because it can lead to betrayal.
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up
    • Iago, after not receiving the promotion that he deserves, was jealous of Cassio, for he had received that promotion. He has blamed Othello for his jealousy.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation”
    • Iago himself stated that, “ Three great ones of the city, In personal suit to make me his (Othello) lieutenant, off-capped to him; and, by the faith of man, I know my price, I am worth no worse a place.” (Shakespeare 1.1.10-13).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim: explain quote, connect to claim
    • Iago expresses how fit he was for the position, and how he felt that Othello had betrayed him.  
  • Counterclaim 1: However, ... One may think that Iago is seeking revenge on Othello, but he is actually seeking revenge on Cassio, and thinks that he can achieve this through Othello.
    • Set-up
    • As Iago tries to blame Othello for his anger, he truly shares his rage against Cassio. He described Cassio as,
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation”
    • “... a great arithmetician, One Michael Cassio, a Florentine, A fellow almost damned in a fair wife, That never set a squadron in the field” (Shakespeare 1.1.20-23).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim: explain quote, connect to claim
    • Iago believes that Cassio should manage the troops, and he should lead them. But Othello though otherwise. Iago may be slightly angry at Othello, but his true anger resides with Cassio
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? (use rebuttal progression language)
    • At first glance, Iago may seem to blame Cassio for the loss of his position,  but he make it clear that he is extremely angry at Othello. We can not deny that Iago is jealous of Cassio, but he has made no offence to Cassio.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
    • Through Iago is jealous of Cassio, Iago plans on betraying Othello,  and Iago would normally be trusted by Othello, but do to his actions, this is no more.